Uterine fibroids, the noncancerous growths in the uterus, can cause severe symptoms in some women, including heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain and swelling of the abdomen.
Uterine artery embolization is a minimally invasive treatment for uterine fibroids. Uterine fibroids stimulate formation of new blood vessels to the fibroid. During uterine artery embolization, the embolic agents are injected into these fibroid blood vessels. The goal is to block the fibroid vessels, starving the fibroids and causing them to shrink and die.
You might choose uterine artery embolization if you are premenopausal and:
In uterine artery embolization — also called uterine fibroid embolization is done under under local anesthesia. In this procedure, the doctor inserts a slender, flexible tube (catheter) through the femoral artery ( a vessel in the thigh) to inject small particles (embolic agents) into the uterine arteries, which supply blood to your fibroids and uterus. You may stay in the hospital overnight. Or you may go home the same day.You will receive pain medicine. You will be instructed to lie flat for 4 to 6 hours after the procedure. Follow any other instructions about taking care of yourself after you go home.Moderate to severe abdominal and pelvic cramps are common for the first 24 hours after the procedure. They may last for a few days to 2 weeks. Cramps may be severe and may last more than 6 hours at a time.Most women recover quickly and are able to return to normal activities within 7 to 10 days. Sometimes portions of the treated fibroid tissue may pass through your vagina.
DR.SURESH GIRAGANI CONSULTANT INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGIST at Apollo Hospital, has more than Seventeen years of clinical experience in vascular interventions with a special interest in neurovascular and peripheral vascular disease interventional procedures.
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